JSON

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. It is easy for humans to read and write. It is easy for machines to parse and generate. It is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language.

JSON is a text format that is completely language independent but uses conventions that are familiar to programmers of the C-family of languages, including C, C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, Python, and many others. These properties make JSON an ideal data-interchange language.

JSON is built on two structures:
  • A collection of name/value pairs. In various languages, this is realized as an object, record, struct, dictionary, hash table, keyed list, or associative array.
  • An ordered list of values. In most languages, this is realized as an array, vector, list, or sequence. 

Comparison between XML and JSON

  1. JSON is smaller than XML, and faster and easier to parse.
  2. XML is human-readable data interchange specified in a document format, while JSON is human-readable data interchange data format.
  3. JSON is not extensible because it does not need to be. JSON is not a document markup language, so it is not necessary to define new tags or attributes to represent data in it.
  4. JSON has the same interoperability potential as XML.
  5. JSON is much simpler than XML. JSON has a much smaller grammar and maps more directly onto the data structures used in modern programming languages. 

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